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Editorial: Breast cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invader or spread to other parts of the human body. Not all tumors are cancerous; being tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss, and a change in bowel movement. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they may have other causes. Over 100 types of cancers affect humans. Based on report, tobacco use is the cause of about 22 percent of cancer deaths. Another 10 percent are due to obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity, and excessive drinking of alcohol. Other factors include certain infections, exposure to ionizing radiation and environmental pollutants. In the developing world nearly 20 percent of cancers are due to infections such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human papillomavirus infection. These factors act, at least partly, by changing the genes of a cell. Moreover, there is several cancers, including breast, skin, lung, colon, prostate, and lymphoma. Symptoms vary depending on the type. Cancer treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery. Unfortunately, as many as 20,000 people, 3,500 of them women have been suffering from various kind of cancer in Afghanistan. The Ministry of Public Health has launched a public awareness campaign aimed at prevention and control of breast cancer across the country. The awareness drive is set to be carried out at governmental organizations, schools, universities in capital Kabul and provinces of the country. So far we have three centers for diagnosis and treatment of cancer in Kabul and Herat provinces in a bid to reduce cure breast cancer. Totally there are 20,000 cancer patients, in which 3,500 are women suffering from breast cancer. This is a great challenge in the country. Breast cancer diseases are a huge problem—have to come up heavy on it. Health organizations have to put the issue with President Ashraf Ghani and CEO Abdullah Abdullah aimed at opening more cancer treatment centers, and cures the disease in its first place. Moreover, it is the highly responsibility of the women to look after their health and go to the doctors as soon as they feel pain. Health experts says, in case of early diagnosis of the breast cancer, nearly 90 percent of it could be cured and if women felt pain in the breasts, they should refer to doctor or health centers at immediate move. At status-quo, we have several challenges and breast cancer has added to that ambiguity.

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