Editorial: The plight of IDPs
The resurgence of the Taliban in Afghanistan has caused massive displacement within the country as fighting continues to displace both new groups and Internal Displace People (IDP). Months ago, in its 3rd round of report, International Organization for Migration’s said that one in six people is either a returnee or an internally displaced person (IPD) in the 15 Afghan provinces of Baghlan, Balkh, Farah, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Khost, Kunar, Kunduz, Laghman, Logar, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Paktya, and Takhar. Those numbers of Afghans that fled violence in their village, is in dire need of humanitarian support. Unfortunately, the recent Ghazni attack increased in the IDP’s number. More than 21,000 people were displaced from their homes after the Taliban launched an attack on Ghazni city two weeks ago, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said in a report released this week. It also said OCHA would mobilize and coordinate effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors. OCHA stated that the situation in the city has “returned to how it was prior to the attack on 10 August”. Displaced families hand in petitions at the Directorate of Refugees and Repatriations in the city that are shared with humanitarian partners for joint needs assessments, led by the NGO Danish Committee for Aid to Afghan Refugees. The Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) has provided food packages to 2,000 families who were affected by conflict or temporarily displaced. According to the statement, the World Food Program (WFP) via its partner CTG has distributed food to more than 6,600 people. Actually their live has been ruined. Many IDPs are living in extreme poverty as they lost all livings. Nothing left for them, especially for Ghazni’s people. Once they had a good live, but all dashed to the ground after Taliban’s attack with support of Pakistan’s soldiers. Now they have informal settlements with meager resources –they are forced to go out and try to find daily labor in the face of once having a good life, not luxury but not even as labor force. It is crystal fact that decades of war and violent conflict compounded by economic problems and natural disasters have displaced millions of Afghans internally and externally. Since 2004, more than 1.8 million Afghans have become internally displaced. In addition, many of those forced to leave their homes due to economic factors or flee from natural disasters are now returning. In 2017 alone, about 610,000 people returned from Pakistan and Iran. In the past six months, around 300 families in Arghanj Khwa district of northeastern Badakhshan province have been displaced. It is a very serious issues, the government must pay all heed on it.
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