Access to potable water
It is constitutional duty of the government to provide drinkable water to citizens as it is the basic and fundamental right of the public. However, it seems that the government is unaware from the increase in the number of patients suffering from waterborne diseases, that is the reason that authorities still has no plan to counter this issue which is not a difficult task.
Nearly 46 percent of total population has no access to potable water, although millions of dollars provided by donors to Afghanistan are flowing like water into various projects that field to yield positive results. On the other hand people seemed disappointed and don’t see any ray of hope, because on daily basis patients suffering from waterborne diseases are rushing to hospitals across the country.
According to a news report, more than hundred patients suffering from diseases caused by contaminated water are registered daily in one of Kabul hospitals, while the government has no exact figure. No doubt, the government would have no exact figure as it never paid attention towards this serious issue. There are several areas even in the suburb of the provincial capitals and Kabul city where people fetch polluted water for daily use, as they had no other option.
Although, most of the patients are suffering from diarrhea, but unsafe water can also cause other serious diseases like cholera, typhoid fever, diphtheria and hepatitis. It is believed that if authorities failed to pay heed towards this issue then the day is not far away when waterborne diseases would become epidemic and would leave no one safe.
Even, diarrhea could prove fatal, particularly for children below five. We could treat all patients through Oral Rehydration Solutions (ORS) and few other medicines, because some patients need intense care in diarrhea to recover. It is also know that Afghans lack basic health facilities and modern hospitals in the country then the government should make plan to provide drinkable water to every citizens, because development of the country without healthy populace is impossible.
The government should repair the rusted drainage and sanitation systems, as drinkable water easily mix with polluted water beneath the earth and through other means. In addition to that awareness programs should be designed to tell public that contaminated water was responsible for many diseases, because drinkable water was mixed with urine and faeces of infected animal or people. Flood water, power drainage and sanitation systems were also responsible for increase in number of the patients suffering from waterborne diseases.
Awareness programs are necessary, as mostly waterborne diseases are reported in those areas, where dwellers fetch water for daily use from creeks, rivers, lakes, etc. which are easily polluted by animals as well as people.
Surely, if the government came with solid plan and had take positive steps in this regard then people would no more suffer from waterborne disease, at least the number of patients would decrease manifold.
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