AT-KABUL: The Human Rights Watch (HRW) on Tuesday urged government to develop a security plan to better protect the Shias during high-profile public events.
In a statement, the HRW, said a suicide bomber killed at least 32 worshippers, including children, and injured 50 others, at a mosque in Kabul during observance of the religious ceremony of Arbaeen.
Since July, a wave of sectarian suicide attacks has injured or killed more than 500 members of the Shia community, the statement said.
It added insurgents who affiliate themselves with the Islamic State claimed responsibility for this attack, their fourth on gatherings by Afghanistan’s Shia community since July. The group also said they carried out two attacks during the Ashura ceremony on October 11, in Kabul, and on October 12, in the northern province of Balkh, that altogether killed at least 32 people, the statement noted.
It underlined that the group also claimed a July 23 attack against a demonstration staged by Hazara Shias in Kabul, killing at least 85 and injuring 413, the deadliest attack in Afghanistan against civilians since 2002.
“The Islamic State group has stepped up horrific and unlawful attacks on Shia public gatherings, making no place safe,” said Patricia Gossman, senior researcher at Human Rights Watch.
“The government, Shia leaders, and civil society groups should work together to develop appropriate ways to improve security during vulnerable public and religious gatherings so that Shia community members can exercise their basic rights.”
The security environment is worsening for all Afghans in the face of an intensifying insurgency, claiming high levels of civilian casualties as fighting increasingly happens in densely populated areas, the statement said.
However, the wave of targeted attacks on Shia Hazaras is largely attributable to the emergence of insurgent groups affiliated with ISIS, underscoring the increasing vulnerability of the Shia community beyond active battlefields and in urban areas under government control, the statement mentioned.
It asserted that the plight of Hazara Shia in neighboring Pakistan highlights the dangers of unhindered escalation of sectarian violence.
Pakistan’s besieged Hazara communities have faced targeted mass attacks by the extremist anti-Shia militant group Lashkar-e Jhangvi for more than a decade. Lashkar-e Jhangvi has already conducted attacks on large religious ceremonies in Afghanistan in 2011, when an attack on an Ashura gathering killed more than 60 people. Since then, other groups have adopted similar tactics in Afghanistan, including seeking out Hazara bus passengers and executing them, and attacking Shia places of worship, the statement noted.
“Insurgents who are responsible for atrocities targeting a specific ethnic or religious community as part of an attack on a civilian population are committing crimes against humanity,” Gossman said.