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World Bank: Afghans are facing difficult living conditions

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Kabul: The survey highlighted the welfare, education, labor force and health conditions in Afghanistan.

The World Bank published a report based on the second round of a survey conducted from June to August 2022 (the first round was completed and reported on in 2021) to assess changes in basic living conditions. The report said that two-thirds of households in Afghanistan find it difficult to meet basic food and non-food needs.

The survey highlighted the welfare, education, labor force and health conditions in Afghanistan, Tolo news reported.

According to the World Bank, rising food prices and the persistent effects of last year’s drought are highlighted among the main reasons for limited access to and affordability of food. “This may signal more significant deprivation in the coming winter months, usually considered the hungry season,” the World Bank warned.

The report reads that the majority (82 percent) of respondents report that, if they were provided AFN 1,000 (about USD 10) per month, they would use it to purchase food.

There has been a slight uptick in private sector salaried work, and public sector employment remains small, reflecting a smaller government footprint, the report said, adding that most household heads are self-employed.

“Many women who previously dedicated their time to housework or students are now working on the farm or at home, doing piecework, sewing, and repairing clothes,” the report reads. “One exception is teachers, two-thirds of whom have retained their employment.”

The World Bank’s survey about girls’ and boys’ schools shows that the drop in secondary school enrollment for both girls and boys is aligned with an increase in the proportion of teenage Afghans joining the labor force. “Girls who drop out of school do not seem to remain idle, as nearly half of them become economically active, most working from home or on the family farm,” the survey shows.

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