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Afghanistan marks 34th anniversary of Soviet withdrawal

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Kabul: Today, 15 February, has been declared a holiday to mark the anniversary of the withdrawal of former Soviet forces from the country.

The Red Army of the former Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan on December 1979 under the pretext of strengthening the communist government in Kabul, but after 9 years of occupation of Afghanistan, suffering 50,000 casualties and heavy financial losses, they left Afghanistan on 15 Feb 1989 without the any military and political achievement.

The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan led to the killing of nearly two million Afghans and left other thousands disabled in the war.

One of the reasons for the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan was to prevent the fall of the People’s Democratic Party’s rule due to massive public dissidence. The suffocating and anti-Islamic atmosphere, especially after the coup of the People’s Democratic Party in 1978, led to the dissatisfaction of the religious community and groups of Mujahideen were formed in all around Afghanistan.

The Soviet Union, fearing the influence of anti-Russian Islamists in the southern borders of this country, attacked Afghanistan.

United States of America used such an inflamed atmosphere in Afghanistan to defeat its cold war rival, and with the cooperation of Pakistan intelligence agency, it tried to achieve its goal of confronting the Soviet regime with the support of some Islamist groups.

However, after the withdrawal of the Soviet forces from Afghanistan and the beginning of the civil wars US through its allies supported the Jihadi groups against each other.

The lack of comprehensive theoretical plans and the lack of consensus among the actors of jihad caused different parties and factions to take up arms against each other and the civil wars in the country became the starting point for the destruction of Afghanistan.

When the Soviet Red Army left Afghanistan, the page of regional and world powers’ interference in Afghanistan did not close and intensified even more than before.

Many analysts consider the reason for such a situation to be the lack of a clear strategy in Afghanistan’s foreign policy.

The 26th of Dalw and the days after that should make the leaders of Afghanistan to think that not having a comprehensive national plan and a strategy for relations with regional and international powers can challenge the biggest achievements.

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